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Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun --- The Model of Couple for Thousands of Years
Sima Xiangru(司马相如, approximately BC169 - BC118), whose courtesy name was Changqing(长卿), was born in today's Chengdu, Sichuan province. Sima Xiangru belonged in Han Nationality. Sima Xiangru was the most famous and leading poet, literary master, writer of prose, essay, lyrics and rhythmical verse, expert of Chinese characters, musician and politician during the reign of Emperor Jingdi and Wudi in West Han Dynasty. His contribution to literature was in creation of Fu(赋, a kind of composition between prose and poem blooming in Han Dynasty). The masterpiece of his fu works was named Zi Xu Fu(子虚赋), which is highly highlighted with the perfect words and sentences as well as the grand layout. Sima Xiangru was the representative of Chinese ancient literature in Han Dynasty, and the late generation called him Fu Sheng(赋圣, The Sacred Saint of Fu). In fact, Sima Xiangru was quite short and not handsome at all, besides, he was also a stutterer. He was a common man in appearance but full of talent in heart. But his most famous story was his elopement with Zhuo Wenjun(卓文君), a widow and daughter of Zhuo Wangsun(卓王孙), and later became Sima Xiangru’s wife. Lu Xun(鲁迅), said to be the greatest literature master of modern China, introduced and commented Sima Xiangru and Sima Qian in the same chapter in his academic masterpiece named Han Wen Xue Shi Gang Yao(汉文学史纲要, The Outline of Literature History of Han Dynasty). Lu Xun said that in the reign of Emperor Wudi Sima Xiangru was the No.1 of fu creation and Sima Qian was the No.1 of articles. For his life experiences and stories, they are all available in two most famous historical books written in Han Dynasty: Shi Ji(Records of the Grand Historian) and Han Shu(Book of Han or History of the Former Han Dynasty )
The love story between Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun is quite widely known in China. And the influence and extension of this love story are not inferior at all to other four love stories in China: Legend of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai, The Legend of Lady White Snake, Dong Yong and Qi Xiannv and Story of Mengjiangnv. Espeically, in the circle of scholars and literature, this love story is the most famous and influential in fact. Even in some authoritative historical books, this story is also recorded in details. The story is like this:
Zhuo Wangsun was deeply ashamed of them when heard of this piece of news. He did not dare to go outdoors and stay at home. His brothers and elderships advised him:” You just have one son and two daughters, and you are not short of money at all. Today, Wenjun are willing to marry Sima Xiangru. This is a truth, although Sima Xiangru is temporarily unwilling to be an official outside and his family is poor, after all, he is a talented man and husband of Wenjun, also he is also the distinguished friend of our local governor. How do you face our local governor and this couple? ”．Zhuo Wangsun had no choice but to give them a lot of money and servants. And then, Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun returned to Chengdu and bought a lot of land. Their life was changed overnight.
Sima Xiangru read this letter for many times and felt quite ashamed of what he wrote in letter and felt he
let down his wife. Finally, he prepared the carriages and returned to hometown to meet Zhuo Wenjun, and they came back to capital together.
The major contribution of Sima Xiangru in literatue is his fu creation, according to the records of Book of Han, there were 29 most famous fu creations, but today, the famous and reachable masterpieces of Sima Xiangru include: Zixu Fu(子虚赋), Shanglin Fu（上林赋）, Daren Fu(大人赋), Meiren Fu(美人赋), Changmen Fu（长门赋）, Tianzi Younie Fu(天子游猎赋). Aiqinershi Fu(哀秦二世赋), and some we just know their name and lose the content like Li Fu(梨赋), Yuju Fu (鱼葅赋) and Xinshan Fu(梓山赋).